COPD is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, one of the most common lung diseases; which makes it difficult to breathe.
The main goals of COPD treatments include:
· Relieving your symptoms
· Slowing the progress of the disease
· Improving your exercise tolerance (your ability to stay active)
· Preventing and treating complications
· Improving your overall health
Treatment options depend on patient’s general medical condition and severity of disease. Options usually include a combination of the following treatments:
Stop smoking-By far, the most important and effective treatment for COPD is stopping smoking, which results in improvement in lung function during the first year after quitting and a return to a normal rate of change in lung function thereafter.
· Short-acting bronchodilators, both beta agonists and anticholinergics are the mainstay of medication therapy for COPD. These medications often provide rapid relief of symptoms (particularly shortness of breath).
· Long-acting bronchodilators are used for moderate to severe COPD.
· Inhaled corticosteroids are recommended for people with moderate to severe COPD who often experience worsening symptoms (exacerbations) or have experienced recurrent hospitalization due to their COPD.
· Systemic corticosteroids (IV or pills) are used to relieve severe symptoms such as airway inflammation and constriction.
· Antibiotics may be beneficial in selected situations (for example, in acute bronchitis).
· Other medications, such as theophylline, in low doses.
Home oxygen therapy-Supplemental oxygen improves the physical and mental functioning of people who have hypoxemia (low blood oxygen).
To read more, please visit: http://www.mayoclinic.org/copd/treatment.html